Food Poisoning: What You need to Know

Food Poisoning is an illness caused by the consumption of contaminated food or water. Its major causes are infectious organisms such as bacteria, viruses and parasites, or toxins.

Some of its symptoms are:

  • Abdominal pain
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Headache
  • Fever
  • Stooling and
  • Bloating.

It is important to know that symptoms may vary depending on the causes.

Most signs of food poisoning normally pass in a few days. But if symptoms persist, it is advised that you see your doctor. Most foodborne illnesses are mild and improve without any specific treatment. Some patients have severe disease and require hospitalization, aggressive hydration, and antibiotic treatment.

Patients diagnosed with food poisoning are advised to avoid dairy products and other lactose-containing foods during episodes of acute diarrhea. Rather, they should drink lots of water and stick to bland foods like rice, crackers, etc.

Methods of Prevention

To prevent food poisoning:

1. Ensure that you cook all foods adequately.

2. Sufficiently reheat cooked food.

3. Practice strict personal hygiene.

4. Keep food at appropriate temperature.

5. Avoid cross-contamination through contaminated foods.