Meningitis: Understanding The New Disease In Town

The recent outbreak of meningitis in the country is undoubtedly a source of grave concern. The latest reports indicate that since December, Nigeria had reported 2996 cases of meningitis across 16 States. Unfortunately, 336 Nigerians out of that number have died, and this could go on if the public is not being properly educated.

Given the disease outbreak and its widespread, so many Nigerians  are very fearful and anxious. The good news remains that as with any infectious disease, it is possible to prevent the spread once the epidemiology of the disease is well understood.

Here in this post, we would ensure the abc about Meningitis

Meningitis is a condition in which the meninges become inflamed. An infection of the fluid surrounding the brain and spinal cord is responsible for causing this inflammation. The disease is found worldwide, with the highest incidence of disease found in the ‘meningitis belt’ of sub-Saharan Africa.

How is Meningitis transmitted?

According to the Nigeria Centre for Disease Control, NCDC, the meningitis outbreak currently affecting several states in Nigeria can be traced to a type of Bacterial meningitis scientifically called Neisseria Meningitidis.

What symptom should you look out for?

The most common symptoms of meningitis include:

  • A stiff neck
  • High fever
  • Light sensitivity
  • Confusion
  • Headache

These symptoms mimic other infectious diseases like Malaria. It is therefore very important to seek medical care at health centres when you or someone you know experiences any or all of these signs.