A documented notice and awareness on Zika infection has been brought to notice to all Nigerians and travelers. The Nigerian Centre for Disease Control, NCDC, has just released a documented information and awareness on Zika virus infection for all Nigerians. The document was titled “Public Health Assessments of Zika Virus in Nigeria and interim Recommendations.” It has been noted in the document that this current public health disease and its sources and epidemiological effects has not been properly outlined or further understood because of the lack of recent data and record.
The document has in it, the risk assessment of Zika virus infection In Nigeria, and contains the recommended information for healthcare workers and general public on various ways to prevent infection from the virus. It has been observed that this virus shares similar properties with the Aedes family (Steogmyia) mosquitoes. This insect is responsible for some other flavivirus infections in Nigeria like dengue and yellow fever.
However, the purpose of the assessment was to carry out a national survey on proper follow up and monitoring of the epidemiology of this virus in order to take up the necessary steps in fighting zika virus in Nigeria. Certain human behavior and environmental risk factors in regions reportedly to have the outbreak of zika virus have also been found in Nigeria. The NCDC has stated that these factors could also trigger the spread of zika virus in Nigeria hence the need for precautionary measures.
In the document, certain risk factors that that could limit the ongoing detection of zika in Nigeria includes:
- Lack of diagnostic testing
- Absence of systematic surveillance
- Low disease carrier competence
- Efficient transmission
- Genetic host factors to protect infection of disease and,
- Possible reactions of endemic yellow fever and dengue.
Curbing the spread of Zika virus in Nigeria
The NCDC has it stated in the document that to prevent Zika infection from spreading, it is highly recommended that the general public and travelers have updated information and regular advice on how to reduce the risk of being infected, bitten by mosquitoes and how to practice safe sex through the information that should be supplied by the health care givers and health authorities in Nigeria.
These recommendations are to urge most healthcare practitioners to make sure all travelers are well informed about the risk reduction and as well the preventive measures before, during and after their movement to areas infested by Zika virus in Nigeria.
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