Experts call for healthy eating and physical activity on World Diabetes Day

People with diabetes are at much greater risk for poor cardiovascular health than the general population. For example, the condition can increase heart attack risk by up to three times for men and five times for women.
Prof. Lars Rydén, the spokesperson for the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) noted that women are normally protected from cardiovascular disease and get it later in life than men, but that benefit is eliminated if they have diabetes.


According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the number of people with diabetes globally is expected to soar to 592 million by 2035 – an increase that experts attribute to a combination of low physical activity and increased intake of unhealthy foods.

Prof. Rydén also stated that there is an increasing supply of food, including junk food, which is relatively cheap and heavily advertised – for example, soft drinks with a lot of sugar. “The typical heart attack patient today is a sedentary, overweight person with type 2 diabetes or impaired glucose tolerance, while in the past the average patient was a lean, stressed chain smoker.”
The majority of people are well aware that physical activity benefits health and most countries have guidelines recommending how much activity one should engage in.

Guidelines state that adults should take part in 75 minutes of vigorous-intensity or 150 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic activity each week. However, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) claim that less than half of adults meet these guidelines.
As such, Prof. Rydén and other leading health experts are calling for increased focus on healthy eating and exercise to reduce the risk of this potentially life-threatening condition.


Numerous studies have suggested a healthy lifestyle can lower the risk of diabetes, as well as improve the health of people who already have the condition. A healthy breakfast should help blood sugar levels from getting too high and should keep you full through the morning. In addition, he recommends that individuals be screened to determine which individuals are at high risk for diabetes.

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