Causes of insomnia you want to know

Have there been times when you just found it difficult to sleep? Do you regularly wake up numerous times from sleep and find it difficult to return to sleep? It could be as a result of insomnia.

Have you ever heard the word “insomnia”?

Insomnia is a word that is used to describe a medical condition where a person finds it difficult to fall asleep, finds it difficult to stay asleep, wakes up many times during the night and finds it difficult returning to sleep, and/or wakes up from sleep feeling unrefreshed.

There are quite a number of causes of insomnia. It has been found to be associated with different medical conditions.

Some of the causes of insomnia are:

  • Depression: This can cause insomnia. Sometimes, insomnia is also caused by changes in a person’s mood. Apart from depression, insomnia can also be caused by other mood disorders.
  • Caffeine (is contained in caffeine, tea, some energy drinks).
  • Sleep apnea: This is a condition where there is a blockage (partial or complete) of an individual’s airways when he or she is sleeping; this makes breathing difficult and so the affected person keeps waking up.
  • Some drugs can also cause insomnia. Examples of drugs that cause insomnia include anti-epilepsy drugs, antidepressants, some anti-hypertensive drugs, some anti-asthma drugs, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), etc.
  • For some people, spicy food disturbs their sleep.
  • Anxiety disorders – including post-traumatic stress disorder, panic disorder, and generalized anxiety.
  • Stress and stressful events (such as losing a loved one, financial problems, issues at home or work, etc).
  • Neurological conditions like Parkinson’s disease and Alzheimer’s disease.
  • Problems with the joint or muscles (example – arthritis).
  • Nasal allergies.
  • Sleepwalking.
  • Nicotine (which is found in cigarettes, cigars, “snuff” and other tobacco products) also causes insomnia.
  • Pain.
  • For some people, having irregular sleep patterns/routines (like having late-night/overnight shifts at work, jet lag, napping in the afternoon, etc) causes insomnia.
  • Sleeping in unconducive conditions – for instance, sleeping in a place that is cold hot, bright or noisy.

These are some of the causes of insomnia; avoid them as much as is possible.

Kindly share with whoever you know might need this information. Have any questions about insomnia or any other health issue. Ask here.

Somso Kizor enjoys words. She loves reading good books and writing - amongst other things. Somso is passionate about educating people about their health; as this would reduce the burden of diseases and deaths (hence, suffering) all over the world. Let's not forget the popular saying that goes "health is wealth." For more details, send an email to