Having an adequate knowledge and good understanding of the various signs and symptoms of low and high level of sugar in the blood is very important for people living with or without diabetes.
Maintaining a stable blood sugar (glucose) level in a moderate healthy range can be a very tedious task to do, due to the lifestyle, food and environment we find ourselves with.
With every meal taken by an individual, the blood glucose level increases, triggering the secretion and release of insulin from the pancreas into the blood, and then blood sugar level drops back to normal after this process, in like an hour’s time.
What Blood Sugar (Glucose) Level Actually Means?
Blood sugar or blood glucose refers to sugar that is present in the blood stream and it’s been transported from the bloodstream, to various cells in our bodies, in other to supply energy to the body
Glucose actually comes from carbohydrate foods, which is the main source of energy used by the body.
How is blood sugar level measured?
The blood sugar or glucose level are terms used to indicate the concentration of sugar or glucose in the blood, which is been measured in mmol/L, and the average human sugar level should be 90mg/dl
Its measured based on the exact amount of a type of sugar, called glucose present in the blood.
As an individual, you can carry out an examination by yourself on how to know your blood sugar level, with little or no supervision using an instrument called glucometer, which can be purchased in any standard pharmaceutical stores around you. All you need to understand is how blood glucose level can be carried out on/or by yourself. You can understand what each terms, values and measurement of blood sugar level stands for here
In this article, I will explain to you the terms used to describe high and low blood sugar level, and what they indicate, with their signs and symptoms.
The terms used to indicate a high and low blood glucose levels are “hyperglycemia’ and hypoglycemia”. The insulin is a vital hormone that helps to regulate and control the amount of this blood glucose present in the blood stream.
SIGNS and Symptoms of Low blood sugar in the Body
When there is a drop or decrease in the amount of blood sugar in the blood stream below 4mmol/L, it is said to be low blood sugar (glucose) term-hypoglycemia and the following signs occur:
- The heart rate becomes faster
- Very weak and feeling drowsy
- Feeling sweaty and headache
- Unconsciousness and seizure
Causes are: Not eating at the right time, consuming less than you should, alcohol effect
Treatment: take enough fast-acting and absorbing carbohydrate food substances, drink enough juice, honey and soft drinks and then check up yourself to confirm if the blood sugar level has gone to moderate level.
SIGNS and Symptoms of High blood sugar in the Body
High blood sugar (glucose) occurs when your food intake, medications and lifestyle is not balanced.
Most times fasting blood sugar is at 11 mmol/L and the following signs occur:
- frequent and excessive urination
- fatigues and tiredness
Causes are: imbalanced diet, unbalanced activity, inappropriate medication. Hyperglycemia can occur when you are not feeling fine and when you are under stress
Treatment: consult your doctor or diabetes expert or health care practitioners to assist you in counseling and conducting test for you. You can also make use of the glucometer device yourself, to check out your blood glucose level.