Cancer is a class of diseases characterized by out-of-control cell growth. This disease harms the body when altered cells divide uncontrollably to form lumps or masses of tissue called tumors (except in the case of leukemia where cancer prohibits normal blood function by abnormal cell division in the blood stream). Tumors can grow and interfere with the digestive, nervous, and circulatory systems, and they can release hormones that alter body function.
There are over 100 different types of cancer, and each is classified by the type of cell that is initially affected.
Breast cancer, according to the World Health Organization, is a top cancer plague affecting human beings and presently, over 2.5 million Nigerians (mostly women) have died from this cancer. The best way to prevent this disease is to pay attention to the early warning signs.
Below are 3 warning signs of breast cancer:
Lumps in the breast or armpit: The preceding sign is a usually painless lump in the breast or armpit. Some women experience this during their menstrual cycle; however, if it persists afterwards it could as well be a sign, an early one.
Breast shape or size changes: When any alteration in the texture, temperature, or size of the breast is noticed, there could be an early sign of breast cancer. When the cancer is approaching its advanced stages, a reddish and rough surface like an orange skin will be observed.
Nipple alterations: Nipple alterations like itching, dimpling, inversions are other early signs of breast cancer. Discharge from the nipples especially spontaneous and blood-stained ones should not be taken lightly either as well as scales on the nipples.
When any of these signs are noticed, do not hesitate to seek medical attention. As with all other cancers, early detection is key to surviving. Ladies have been known to have powerful intuitions.
The warning signs of breast cancer are not the same for all women. The most common signs are a change in the look or feel of the breast, a change in the look or feel of the nipple and nipple discharge.
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