Asthma attacks can happen at any time of the year, but they are generally more common during certain periods, such as harmattan.
Compared to rainy and dry seasons where the incidence of asthmatic attacks ranges between 20-28%, 50.6% of asthmatics have acute asthma exacerbations during harmattan.
Do you or a loved one have asthma? These tips can help you reduce the risk of asthmatic attacks this season. Keep reading.
How to prevent asthma during harmattan
Cold is a well-documented trigger for asthmatic attacks. As you already know, harmattan and cold go hand-in-hand, especially in the mornings.
Be more deliberate about protecting yourself from cold this season by:
- sleeping in a warm environment – it is a good time to keep your fans and air conditioner to a minimum.
- using protective clothing e.g sleeping with thick clothing and beddings; using socks and head warmers
Use a humidifier
The dry air associated with the harmattan season is notorious for irritating the airway. If you are asthmatic, airway irritation is the last thing you want.
Consider getting yourself a humidifier to add moisture to the air you are exposed to. Try to having one in enclosed spaces where you spend the most time – your bedroom, living area, office, etc
A facemask will come in handy
Although 2020 is long gone, facemasks are still relevant to you. We advise that you keep one close to you as much as possible.
A facemask will shield you from the harsh elements of the weather. Wearing one will also help keep your air warm, and reduce your risk of contracting airborne diseases.
Keep your rescue inhaler close
If you are asthmatic, your inhaler should be with you at all times, especially during harmattan when you are more prone to attacks.
It’s a good time to visit your pharmacy and stock up on your supply.
Stick to your treatment plan
We encourage you to adhere to the management plan prescribed by your doctor. Use your medication
the right way; avoid your specific triggers; and always keep to your hospital appointments.
A word from Healthfacts
People living with asthma can enjoy the harmattan season just like everyone else. Just make sure to stay warm, have your inhaler and facemask with you, and stick to your long-term treatment plan.
Till next time, stay healthy!
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