How To Give First Aid For Road Traffic Accidents.

How To Give First Aid For Road Traffic Accidents.

Accidents happen all the time: at home, at work or even in traffic.

Road traffic accidents (RTAs) are quite common in Nigeria owing to factors like bad roads, disregard for traffic rules, poor vehicle maintenance, and a host of others. These accidents occur when vehicles collide with one another; when vehicles collide with pedestrians; or when vehicles collide with stationary objects on the road.

RTAs are Nigeria’s third leading cause of death and the number one cause of disability. Considering how rampant road accidents are, you need to know what to do when you witness or experience one.

What to do after an accident

If you happen to witness a road traffic accident, you should do the following:

Stop and help.

Many times, people are scared to help during an accident, for fear of getting harmed or implicated in case something goes wrong. Although those fears are understandable, it is still a good idea to stop and help.

Just make sure you are safe. You can do this by stopping other passersby to avoid being alone, especially around notorious places at night. Also ensure to put up a stop sign, hazard light or some other indicator that will make other vehicles slow down.

Look out for imminent dangers.

While trying to help accident victims, it is important not to get carried away. You should also check for other dangers. The most common danger with vehicle accidents is fire outbreaks. So before attending to the victims, ensure to turn off the vehicle engine, or keep cigarettes away.

Access the situation.

Do a quick survey of the nature of the accident, the number of people involved, the type of injuries sustained and other relevant information. Calm victims are likely to be more critical than anxious or loud ones. If any victim is bleeding profusely, apply pressure on the bleeding site for as long as you can. Make sure to protect yourself, try not to have direct contact with blood.

Call for help.

Make sure to call your state’s emergency room or a closeby accident and emergency centre or clinic. Give them as much details from your survey as you can, and request an ambulance. You can easily get the contact of those health lines through a simple Google search.

Try not to move the victims.

Many kinds of injuries can be sustained from an RTA. The fact that a victim is still conscious or not bleeding does not mean they have not sustained internal injuries. As much as possible, try not to move victims by yourself. But if they must be moved, take extra care to stabilize the neck because cervical injuries can be worsened by careless movements.

RTA victims should be transported keeping their bodies as straight and immobile as possible.

Ensure medical attention.

Some accidents are more major than others. But even in cases of minor RTAs, all victims must be checked by a medical doctor to exclude the presence of ‘silent’ injuries.

Types of silent accident-related injuries

Not everyone comes out of an accident with obvious injuries; it is possible to sustain bodily harm without it being immediately evident. Some of these types of silent injuries include:

Late bleeding from trauma sites

It is possible to have delayed bleeding from an open wound or cut. This is because the body responds to the stress of an accident by releasing a large amount of adrenaline into the bloodstream.

Adrenaline constricts (narrows) blood vessels and this may make bleeds appear more minor than they really are, or bleeding may be absent altogether. In those cases, such victims may then begin to bleed minutes to hours after the RTA.

Subdural hematoma

This is one of the most important sequelae of a road accident, especially when there was impact to the head. Subdural hematoma are notorious for causing late symptoms.

In this kind of brain injury, blood can accumulate in the brain for days or weeks before causing symptoms like headache, altered consciousness or vomiting. This is one of the things a doctor will look out for after an accident. A simple brain CT or MRI can detect the brain bleed at an early stage before it becomes symptomatic and dangerous.

Soft tissue injuries

The soft tissues include structures like muscles, tendons, fascia, and nerves. These body parts can be injured from an RTA without being immediately obvious. Such victims may then present with muscle pains, tingling sensations and numbness days after the accident. Many of these injuries can be detected through physical examinations and x-rays after an accident.

A word from Healthfacts

Road traffic accidents can happen at any time, it is important to know what to do to avoid further harm and prevent major injuries or death. All accident victims must be checked and cleared by a medical doctor before they can be certified as injury-free.

Feel free to comment and share this post with others.

READ ALSO: This is the right way to respond to a Cardiac Arrest


    • Thank you! Kindly join our social media platforms to stay updated on our new posts. Feel free to click on the long WhatsApp icon to join our WhatsApp community for the best experinece. Cheers!

  1. hello there and thank you for your info – I’ve certainly picked up anything new from right here.
    I did however expertise some technical points using this website, since
    I experienced to reload the website many times previous to I
    could get it to load correctly. I had been wondering if your hosting is
    OK? Not that I am complaining, but slow loading instances times will often affect your placement
    in google and could damage your high quality score if ads and marketing
    with Adwords. Well I am adding this RSS to my email and
    could look out for a lot more of your respective interesting
    content. Make sure you update this again very soon.

  2. Amazing blog! Is your theme custom made or did
    you download it from somewhere? A design like yours with a few simple adjustements would really make my blog stand
    out. Please let me know where you got your design. Thanks

  3. Right now it looks like WordPress is the preferred
    blogging platform out there right now. (from what I’ve read) Is that what you
    are using on your blog?

  4. Definitely believe that which you said. Your favorite justification seemed to be on the net the simplest thing
    to be aware of. I say to you, I definitely get
    annoyed while people think about worries that
    they just don’t know about. You managed to hit the nail upon the
    top and also defined out the whole thing without having side-effects , people could take a
    signal. Will probably be back to get more. Thanks

  5. Hi there would you mind sharing which blog platform you’re working with?
    I’m looking to start my own blog soon but I’m having a hard
    time choosing between BlogEngine/Wordpress/B2evolution and Drupal.
    The reason I ask is because your layout seems different then most blogs
    and I’m looking for something unique.
    P.S My apologies for getting off-topic but I had to ask!

  6. Greate article. Keep posting such kind of info on your blog.
    Im really impressed by your blog.
    Hi there, You’ve done a fantastic job. I will definitely digg it
    and in my opinion suggest to my friends. I am confident they will be benefited from this web site.

  7. Hello, I think your site might be having browser compatibility issues.
    When I look at your blog in Chrome, it looks fine but when opening in Internet Explorer,
    it has some overlapping. I just wanted to give you a quick heads up!
    Other then that, terrific blog!

  8. When I initially commented I clicked the “Notify me when new comments are added” checkbox and now each time a comment is added
    I get several e-mails with the same comment. Is there any
    way you can remove people from that service? Thanks!

  9. Hi there! I could have sworn I’ve been to this
    website before but after browsing through many of the posts I realized it’s new to
    me. Anyways, I’m certainly happy I found it and I’ll be book-marking it and checking back frequently!

  10. I know this if off topic but I’m looking into starting my own blog and was wondering
    what all is required to get setup? I’m assuming having a blog like yours would cost a pretty
    penny? I’m not very internet savvy so I’m not 100% sure.

    Any suggestions or advice would be greatly appreciated.

  11. Hello everybody, here every person is sharing these kinds of know-how,
    therefore it’s good to read this web site, and I used to pay a visit
    this web site everyday.

  12. Hello there I am so thrilled I found your weblog, I really
    found you by error, while I was researching on Aol for something else, Anyways I am here now and would just like to
    say many thanks for a fantastic post and a all round entertaining blog (I also
    love the theme/design), I don’t have time to go through it all at the minute but I have bookmarked it and also added your RSS feeds,
    so when I have time I will be back to read a lot more,
    Please do keep up the fantastic job.

  13. you are in point of fact a excellent webmaster. The site loading velocity is amazing.

    It seems that you’re doing any unique trick.
    Moreover, The contents are masterwork. you’ve done a fantastic task in this subject!

  14. Good day! This is kind of off topic but I need some guidance from an established blog.
    Is it tough to set up your own blog? I’m not very techincal
    but I can figure things out pretty fast. I’m thinking about
    making my own but I’m not sure where to begin. Do you have any points or suggestions?

    Many thanks

  15. You really make it appear really easy together with
    your presentation however I in finding this topic to be actually one thing which I
    think I would by no means understand. It seems too complex
    and very huge for me. I’m having a look forward in your subsequent post, I will attempt to
    get the grasp of it!

  16. I have to thank you for the efforts you have put in writing this
    website. I’m hoping to check out the same high-grade
    content from you in the future as well. In truth, your creative writing abilities has encouraged me
    to get my very own site now 😉

  17. I think this is among the most vital information for me.
    And i am glad reading your article. But want to remark on few general things, The website style is great, the articles is really excellent : D.

    Good job, cheers

  18. Write more, thats all I have to say. Literally, it
    seems as though you relied on the video to make your point.
    You clearly know what youre talking about, why waste your
    intelligence on just posting videos to your blog when you could
    be giving us something informative to read?

  19. Its like you read my mind! You appear to know
    so much about this, like you wrote the book in it or something.

    I think that you can do with a few pics to drive the message home a little bit,
    but instead of that, this is great blog. An excellent read.

    I’ll certainly be back.

  20. Greetings from Florida! I’m bored to tears at work so I decided to browse your website on my iphone during lunch break.
    I enjoy the knowledge you present here and can’t
    wait to take a look when I get home. I’m surprised at
    how fast your blog loaded on my cell phone .. I’m not even using WIFI,
    just 3G .. Anyways, awesome blog!

  21. ردیاب خودرو سیم کارتی و ردیاب خودرو شیراز قیمت و عکس ردیاب خودرو و ردیاب خودرو
    آکیتا مدل c1 کد 1 و برنامه ردیاب ماشین و ردیاب ماشین 802

  22. Hey there! I know this is kind of off topic but
    I was wondering if you knew where I could find a captcha plugin for my comment form?
    I’m using the same blog platform as yours and I’m having problems finding one?
    Thanks a lot!

  23. Its like you read my mind! You appear to grasp so much approximately this, like you wrote the e-book in it or something.

    I believe that you could do with some % to power the message house a little bit, but other than that, this
    is excellent blog. A fantastic read. I’ll certainly be back.

  24. Have you ever thought about including a little bit more than just your articles?
    I mean, what you say is valuable and everything.
    Nevertheless think about if you added some great
    visuals or video clips to give your posts more, “pop”!
    Your content is excellent but with pics and video clips, this site could certainly be one of the very
    best in its field. Amazing blog!

  25. OMG! This is amazing. Ireally appreciate it~ May I
    show my inside to a secret only I KNOW and if you want to have
    a checkout You really have to believe mme and have faith and I will
    show how to learn SNS marketing Once again I want to show my appreciation and may all the blessing goes to you

  26. I am really loving the theme/design of your site. Do you ever run into
    any web browser compatibility problems? A few of
    my blog visitors have complained about my
    website not working correctly in Explorer but looks great in Safari.
    Do you have any tips to help fix this issue?

  27. Hello! I know this is kind of off topic but I was wondering
    if you knew where I could get a captcha plugin for my comment form?
    I’m using the same blog platform as yours and I’m having problems finding one?

    Thanks a lot!

  28. Hmm it appears like your site ate my first comment (it was super long) so I
    guess I’ll just sum it up what I had written and say, I’m thoroughly enjoying your blog.
    I too am an aspiring blog writer but I’m still new to everything.

    Do you have any helpful hints for beginner blog writers?
    I’d certainly appreciate it.

  29. Thanks for one’s marvelous posting! I definitely enjoyed reading it, you happen to
    be a great author. I will make certain to bookmark your blog and will eventually come back down the road.
    I want to encourage you to continue your great job, have a nice evening!

  30. Hi there, i read your blog occasionally and i own a similar one and i was just curious if you get a
    lot of spam comments? If so how do you prevent it, any plugin or anything you can suggest?
    I get so much lately it’s driving me crazy so any support is very much appreciated.